Monday, October 11, 2010

DEPRESI

eryranu
DEPRESSION is one of the psychiatric problems are prevalent in our society end lately.
Gejala-symptoms are characterized by feelings of deep sadness, pessimism and
loss of zest for life.
Every people ever mengalami periode hidupnya.keadaan
depression different in this kind of depression is a normal reaction that often
occurs in our lives, like death of loved ones, lost jobs, etc..
Other case than depression, including severe life problems or setres prolonged,
physical illnesses, impaired hormonal balance, the use of drugs, ketidaksetabilan
family relationships, or disturbances of biochemical reactions in the brain.
Depresi can become abnormal if accompanied by a long use of drugs, or arise
without the existence of a cause and the patient becomes no longer cared
condition.

SYMPTOMS

1. Patients often merasah guilty, helpless, hopeless fast or not valuable.
2.Pasien keinginanya repeatedly talked of suicide or death, as well as the desire to be
alone and try to withdraw from their environment.
3.Gejala other symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, sleep disturbances, loss of
appetite and weight loss, loss of concentration dandaya remember, fast fatigue,
lethargy, agitation, excessive anxiety, or some other behavioral changes that affect
the normal life of people
them.

ADVICE
1.To take leave and try to go on vacation at least once a year.
2.olahraga regularly.
3.hindari consume beverages containing alcohol
4.laughty is the best medicine so learn to be more relaxed by watching a funny movie, read a humorous story or a funny story.
5.pada certain cases when the medical condition worsened refer patients to psychiatrists.


THERAPY
1.OBAT ANTI DEPRESSION
* This drug has a high success rate in treating depresi.fakta
showed at least one anti-depressant drugs can help patients to
80% -90%
* Antidepressants are widely used as monoamine oxidase
Inhibitors (MAOIs), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic class
Antidepressants (TCAs)
* SSRIs inhibit serotonin produced by the nerve endings so that it can
increase mood.Efek san antidepressants TCAs MAOIs may increase levels
catecholamines in the central nervous system.
2.OBAT FOR THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM stimulate
* These drugs can stimulate and enhance the patient's depressive mood.
* CNS stimulants may have effects on the cardiovascular system and can
improve mood some time after stimulation.

Sunday, October 10, 2010

BATUK:PRODUTIF

eryranu
1.Batuk productive characterized the chest feels full or sounds.
2.Pasien may experience feelings of congestion and difficulty breathing.
3.Batuk usually accompanied by expulsion of mucus.
4.Gejala usually gain weight when awake and when a talk.
5.Batuk dapt a sore throat symptoms after nasal and sinus congestion.

SYMPTOMS

1.Sputum flushed.
2.Mukus thick and sticky brown, yellow, green or red.
3.Disertai fever.
4.Pasien have shortened breath or wheezing or chest pain when coughing.
5.Batuk arise, especially at night.
6.Terjadi changes cough.
7.Psien are smokers.
8.Disertai symptoms such as headache ear pain or rash.
9.Terdapat weight loss suddenly.
10.Batuk lasted for more than 5 days.
11.Psien are babies or children under age 5 suffer from high blood pressure, heart disorders,
respiratory or stomach or glaucoma, or are under other medications.


ADVICE


1.Minumlah at least 8-10 glasses of water each day.
2.Mandi warm water will help thin mucus and make it more youth coughed.
3.Menjaga to keep the body warm.
4.Hindari smoke, dusty environments, dry or cold.
5.Hindari alcohol or caffeine to prevent fluid loss of fluid is important to thin mucus.
6.Beristirahat adequately.
7.Parasetamol can be given for fever and pain that accompany batuk.akan but some cough and
cold medicines containing paracetamol are therefore read the labels carefully to avoid
overdoses.
8.Jangan using antihistamines because it will dry up secretions in the lungs and causes left lung.
9.Beritahu patients about the drug is needed and how to use the name of medicine dosage, etc..
10.Beritahu patients about side effects such as dependency and drowsiness caused by some
cough preparations.
11.Bila productive cough persisted for a long time or occur exacerbation in the treatment of
patients suggest a treatment.

THERAPY

Medicine for coughs and colds.

1.Mukolotik is a useful compound to reduce the thickness of this mukus.obat to cough up mucus
keluar.obat facilitate these drugs are often used in cases where bronchial secretions are thick
and viscous is a major problem such as cystic fibrosis.
2.Ekspetoran remove mucus by making bronchial secretions thinner and easier to be coughed.

DRY COUGH

eryranu
Dry cough (not productive) is a cough that does not produce sputum, often make the throat feel itchy, causing the voice becomes hoarse or lost.
Dry 2.Batuk often triggered by inhalation of food particles, irritant substances, cigarette smoke, both active and passive smokers, and changes in temperature.
3.batuk this kind can be a residual symptom of viral infection or flu.
4.Dibanding with productive cough, dry cough, no symptoms other than cough, patients often feel no pain, no chest congestion and breathing problems.

SYMPTOMS

Dry 1.Batuk who settled more than a month with little or no improvement.
2.Disertai fever, coughing up blood, shortness of breath or chest pain when coughing.
3.Pasien are asthma, hypertension, elderly, under 5 years, with heart problems or stomach, smokers or taking any other medication.
4.Terdapat other symptoms, like headaches, ear aches or rashes.
5.Berat whole body decreased and muscle aches.

Advice

1.Minum at least 8 glasses of water a day regularly.
2.Hindari dry and cold environment.
3.Bila occurred in the treatment of exacerbations, instruct the patient to immediately call the doctor.
4.Beritahu patients about side effects that may arise from several preprat cough especially those containing derivatives of opiates.

THERAPY

DRUG coughs and colds
Cough 1.Supresan other work but not from the central opioid drug group includes butamirat citrate and pentoksiverin.
2.Produk combination provides a synergistic effect with the main target of the central cholinergic receptors and antitussive and cough usually contain antihistamines that can reduce the desire to avoid products that contain cough ekspetorsn are only useful if there is congestion or products that contain decongestants that can menyebapkan insomnia.
4.Derifat opiates work directly suppress cough center in the brain side effects include mild to severe sedation and constipation addiction.

Saturday, October 9, 2010

ASTMA

eryranu
ASTHMA is a chronic respiratory disease that manifests as disturbance
pernafasan.Gejala-symptoms include coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
This disease is an allergic reaction of the lung and the tubules
can
cause a reaction if there is excessive bronkiolusyang
stimulus

EFFICIENT
1.serangan lighter-weight: shortness of sound accompanied by wheezing, coughing and
mucus production that much, can not rest
2.serangan weight (status asmatikus): could not breathe, neck muscles
ekatremitas become stiff and bluish.
3.serangan both: a continuation of previous disease which
attacks became more frequent and more sensitive to
iritan.serangan second is usually more severe and more dangerous
compared to the first attack.
The main 4.pemicu include hereditary factors, infections, allergens, environmental,
pesiko socio-economic and social, for example, dust, animal fur
pets, excessive emotions, makannan, etc.

SYMPTOMS
1.pasien experience difficulty in breathing, in the form of inhaled bronchodilators.
2.puncak expiratory flow below 60% of normal capacity.
3.serangan lasted for several days without any improvement.
4.pasien promising confusion, lethargy and cyanosis of the lips and
ekstreminitas.
5.peningkatan pulse rate and sweating.
6.disertai severe cough and fever.

Advice
1.Gunakan air filters and air conditioning to create an atmosphere
homes more comfortable.
2.Sedapat may avoid or reduce environmental triggers of asthma patients.
3.Beritahu patients about the drug is needed and how to use: name
drug, dose, frequency of use, etc..

THERAPY
@ Preparations antiasma
Other asthma 1.preparat including a leukotrienes receptor antagonist in
inhibit receptor-specific drugs SisLT1.selain sistenil leukotiren
derived from microbiology there are also drugs derived from plants.
2.antikolinergik primarily work by inhibiting acetylcholine which
menyebapkan bronchial smooth muscle contraction, forming mucus
which banyak.obat is only marginally effective in the treatment of asthma.
Beta-adrenergic 3.agonis is recommended to overcome drug
mendadak.obat asthma attack causes bronchial smooth muscle
bereleksasi so that the airway open.
4.mukolotik and ekspetoran used to dilute the thick mucus
and as adjunct therapy to eliminate mucus from the airway.
5.metilxantin useful as a prophylactic medicine and as adjunct therapy
the attack on the management of elongated and asmatikus status
side effects associated with this drug group included tachycardia
or palpitations, insomnia, agitation, vomiting and seizures which is the effect
the CNS.
6.Na cromolyn is used primarily for the treatment of bronchial asthma prophylaxis
mast.penurunnan cells by inhibiting the drug dose has to be done
gradually and carefully to avoid recurrent asthma symptoms.

Friday, September 3, 2010

ARTRITIS

eryranu
Arthritis IS
* Chronic joint DISEASE ALMOST 50% OF PEOPLE AGE
65 YEARS AND OVER.
* Pain and inflammation of the joints are the hallmark THIS DISEASE
* OSTEOARTHRITIS OR DISEASES THAT ARE degenerative, GENERALLY
ATTACK PEOPLE ABOVE 50 YEARS OF AGE
* Rheumatoid arthritis: arthritis FORM MOST OF THE PEOPLE
AGE 20-50 YEAR, manifests as PAIN OR RIGID ON
Joints, swollen, DYING, A SENSE OF HEAT, AND THIS CONDITION redness
RELATED TO INTERFERENCE immune system in JOINT NETWORK.
* Infectious arthritis: PAIN AND RIGID ON ONE joints
WITH WITH THE HEAT AND THE SURROUNDING NETWORK reddish
CAUSED BY MICROORGANISM, chills, fever, WEAK, AND
The rash can accompany THIS CONDITION.
* Gout arthritis: CONDITION CAUSED BY THE ACCUMULATION OF CRYSTAL ACID
VEIN IN joints that manifests as ATTACK PAIN
Sudden WITH ONE joint swelling and redness


* SYMPTOMS:
* CONTAINED IN ONE OR MORE OR swollen joints
Inflamed, A SENSE OF RIGID experienced HAPPENING IN MORNING AND OLD,
* SOME PAIN repeatedly felt on the joints, CAN NOT BE PATIENT
Moving the joints WITH NORMAL,
* Redness or SENSE HEAT CONTAINED in the joints,
* ARISING FEVER, WEIGHT REDUCTION OR SENSE OF WEAK, joints
BE RIGID OR AFTER SITTING OLD lay.


Recommendation:
* ALL KINDS OF SPORTS CAN BE DONE TO THE EXTENT OR PAIN
Swelling NOT INCREASE.
* HOT OR COLD compresses can help relieve NYERI.KOMPRES
HEAT CAN BE RIGID while relieving cold pack
CAUSE OF THE ILLNESS MATIRASA.
* HOT WATER SHOWER ALSO CAN HELP AND relaxes muscles
Relieve pain.
* MAINTAIN WEIGHT OF EXCESSIVE BODY NORMAL.BERAT
PROVIDES PRESSURE ON HIGHER SO joints
INCREASE THE RISK OF KNEE PAIN, PELVIC AND BACK.
* TELL PATIENTS ABOUT DRUGS ARE NEEDED AND HOW TO USE
HIS, NAME OF DRUG, DOSAGE, USING HIS frequency.


THERAPY:
1.ANALGESIC & anti-inflammatory topical
ANALGETIC & anti-inflammatory such as aspirin NSAIDs CONTAINING
AND IBUPROFEN
USED BY tropical to reduce swelling and
PAIN.
2.ANALGETIC and antipyretic
For example, aspirin and other NSAIDs GROUP USED IN IBUPORFEN
Area to relieve swelling and pain ON
PERSENDIAN.OBAT-DRUG SIDE EFFECTS LIKE THIS CAUSE
Tinnitus, irritation and gastric ulcers.
3.ANTI rheumatic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory
* SOME ANTI-rheumatic and analgesic anti-inflammatory
CONTAINING THE NSAIDs reduce swelling and PAIN IN
JOINT AFFECTED.
* Antimalarial HIDROSIKLOROKUIN LIKE AND USED KLOROQUIN
AS A SECOND DRUG FOR PRESSING OR MAY BE FOR EROSION KARTILIGO
CHANGING TRAVEL SICKNESS ARTRITIS.EFEK SIDE COVERS
LIGHTER rash, MUSCLE PAIN AND DISORDERS OF EYE.
4.HORMON corticosteroids
Corticosteroids EFFECTIVE AND SHORT-TERM TREATMENT fatherly
OFTEN WHEN USED FOR TREATMENT OF IMMEDIATE
SOME CAN NOT BE PERSENDIAN.OBAT slow down the process
Arthritis CAUSE EVEN HAPPENED IN MANY SIDE EFFECTS
ALMOST ALL OF BODY ORGANS, SUCH AS bruises, OSTEOPOROSIS,
Hypertension, hyperglycemia, cataracts and thinning of the skin.
5.IMUNOSUPRESAN
Immunosuppressant effective in treating arthritis BY WEIGHT
PRESSING PROCESS IS POSSIBLE PERADANGAN.CARA cancer, cirrhosis
HEART, pneumonia and improve sensitivity to incidence
INFECTION.
6.LAIN-OTHER
* SULFASALAZIN DRUG IS WORKING WITH THE LATE, IS THE SECOND DRUG
IN TREATMENT NOT GOOD TASTE IN ARTHRITIS.MENYEBABKAN STOMACH, INTERRUPTION
HEART AND BLOOD dyscrasias.

Tuesday, August 31, 2010

ALLERGY

sehat-eryranu

IS allergic response HIPERSENSITIVITAS bodies to which is usually not dangerous substance such as dust, POWDER, FOOD. Manifestations: Allergy Respiratory System: rhinitis, asthma, fever, Polen. Allergy intestinal: vomiting, abdominal pain, allergic skin DIARE: reddish light to COVER THE URTIKARIA, dermatitis, CAN arise INCLUDING THE PLACE POINTS SERIUS can cause allergic shock ANAFILAKTIK marked with AGITASI, shortness of breath, sound PARTICULAR MENGI , FAST LIFE, cold perspiration, skin pale, dermatitis, KRAM abdomen, headache, nausea, vomiting, KOLAPS, stiffness, AND IF THE DEATH OBATI occurrence. Symptoms: Difficulty breathing EKSASERBASI ASMA AND THE WEIGHT, THE WEIGHT DIARE DISERTAI fluid and electrolyte WITH LOSS IN LARGE AMOUNTS, nervous.
SPONSOR: WHEN known allergens, avoid allergies caused MUNGKIN.BILA far as if fewer discontinue from using SEGERA.BILA irritate allergies CALAMIN USE OR THE GREAT ANTI PREPARAT itchy LAINNYA.MENGGARUK MEMPERBURUK KEADAAN.JAGALAH ONLY TO BE CLEAN AND FREE STANDING HOUSE AT allergens seconds.
Therapy: Antihistamines AND USED IN ANTI ALERGI.STEROID cases allergic compounds are causative SERIOUS OR IF HAVE VERY RESISTEN.ANTI HISTAMIN can eliminate symptoms of allergies, especially those receptors HISTAMIN WORK ON ANTI HISTAMIN H1.BEBERAPA kind can cause MENGANTUK.SEBAIKNYA Patient NOT GIVEN IN THE Navigate OR MACHINE operate.